Thread Tools  
Stacie
Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2006
Location: San Pedro, CA
Stacie is on a distinguished road Posts: 46
This experiment is based on the following paper:

Yekovitch, F. R., & Thornedyke, P. W. (1981). An evaluation of alternative functional models of narrative schemata. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20, 454-469. Reprinted by permission of Academic Press.

Introduction

Schemas, or schemata, refer to cognitive structures which organize specific details about the general properties of an object or event. For example, the schema for coffee would include concepts about its, color, taste, and so on but would leave out information about a specific cup of coffee purchased this morning. Schemas organize the abstract information we know about the world in ways which allow it to be efficiently utilized. In this study Yekovich and Thorndyke study how schemas shape our comprehension while reading.

Schemas constrain the interpretation and organization of situations and events in a reading passage. To model these constraints, researchers construct hierarchical tree diagrams which describe the schematic grammar of the story. High-level story constituents (e.g. theme, resolution) are high in this hierarchy, while plot details are low. Previous studies have shown that people find it easier to remember items high in the hierarchy.

Several different models have been proposed to explain such results. In this experiment Yekovich and Thorndyke examine two differing views on how schemas are utilized during text comprehension

More

The full text describing the experiment is available here.

The experiments are available below.
Attached Files
File Type: zip yekovich_thornedyke_win.zip (66.2 KB, 145 views)
File Type: zip yekovich_thornedyke_mac.zip (82.2 KB, 33 views)
Last edited by Hisham; November 18th, 2009 at 08:40 PM..
Reply With Quote
Thread Tools
Posting Rules
Forum Jump:
Copyright Cedrus Corporation, 1991-2014.
All times are GMT -7. The time now is 10:54 AM.